Spinal deformity or "the crooked spine" rarely occurs in a single plane and is usually in three dimensions. This type of deformity causes of abnormality forward and sideward bending. Side to side curvature of the spine is called Scoliosis and forward bending of the spine is called Kyphosis. In practice, most of the spinal deformities involving in a varying combination of scoliosis and kyphosis and are termed Kypho-scoliosis.
This abnormal deformity of the spine develops from an uneven growth of the spine due to a variety of reasons, with one side growing faster than the other does. This condition progresses mostly during the growth spurt of children from 10-16 years of age. If this condition is left untreated, it could cause unsightly back deformity.
However, in most of the cases, the cause of scoliosis and kyphosis is still unknown, but in the combination of both the cases, it may believe to be involved due to genetic factors.
Patients who suffer from Scoliosis and kyphosis have deformities in sideways and forward, which can lead to both aesthetic and functional issues. It may also affect to young adults apart from children and young teenagers.
In most cases, these deformities of the spine are non-progressive, however, in some patients, scoliosis and kyphosis continue to slowly progress and can lead to aesthetic issues, functional issues, and sometimes it can even lead to dangerous curvature, which could even be life threatening.
The main goal of the spinal deformity is to stop progression, balance spinal function, and minimize the pain. There are various advanced methods of spinal surgical techniques and approaches with a high level of technology and instrumentation in medical science dealing with spinal surgery. These techniques are tailored to the individual needs of the patients taking into consideration of the age, deformity severity, and medical health history of the patient. Meeting with the right surgeon and discussing will give an idea for the treatment to provide the best procedure to be followed.
The field of spine surgery has reached the advanced level and is progressing rapidly beyond doubt in the last two decades with a thorough understanding of dynamics of spinal deformities. A safe and effective surgical solution is now possible by expert spine specialists to give the best treatment for all spinal deformities children and young teenagers. As the rest of the body, organs and functions are essentially normal, a timely corrective surgery can be life-changing for these children as they can lead a normal adult life with full life span.
The treatment for scoliosis and Kyphosis is based upon the severity of the spine's curvature in both the cases.
In scoliosis, the spinal the spine develops a curve from side-to-side that resembles in the form of "S" shape. As scoliosis develops further, it causes more irregular curvature of the spine leading to more discomfort and pain may even worsen. Non-surgical intervention is possible if the curvature is less than 40-45 degrees. The brace treatment of scoliosis prevents from getting worse and stops further progression of the curve. In severe scoliosis cases, there is no non-surgical treatment and the surgical procedure is the option to correct the spine.
In the case of Kyphosis, the vertebrae in the upper back becomes a more wedge-shaped. This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems that includes osteoporosis. Non-surgical treatments such as pain medication, exercise, and physical therapy are helpful for proper posture.
Today's surgery of the spinal deformity is about 98% safe. According to the worldwide studies, the results of these surgeries are excellent with the risk of paralysis to be less than 1% in most of the cases and about 2% in severe cases (SRS morbidity data 2011).
Consulting with the best spine surgeon specialists for Spinal Deformity Scoliosis and Kyphosis Treatment will give you a better idea to get the best procedure and treatment options.